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Milestones

里程碑

莱宝的历史跨越 170 多年。莱宝不断开发创新的真空技术,使客户的应用成为可能,并实现盈利。

1850 年 – 莱宝成立

当商人 Ernst Leybold 在 1850 年从罗滕堡搬到科隆并成立了他的第一家公司时,就为成功奠定了基础,这家公司一开始是一家从事医药用玻璃器皿、药膏锅、温度计和磅秤销售和进口业务的公司。1854 年,Leybold 扩大了产品阵容,将物理、制药和化学仪器都包括在内。1863 年,他接管了该公司并冠以 E. Leybold 之名。

1870 年 - 出售给 Emil Schmidt 和 Otto Ladendorff

1870 年,Ernst Leybold 出售了他的公司,但该公司仍继续以 E. Leybold’s Nachfolger 之名经营。

1871 年,公司的产品阵容包括多达 585 台物理设备以及首次上市的“物理机柜”(成套设备和仪器)。我们公司的历史记录了从厄瓜多尔 Quito University 收到的一份订单,价值 30,000 万泰勒(按今天的标准计算约为 250,000 美元),这是一笔了不起的订单。这使我们成为一家享誉全球的公司。1876 年,出版了第一份物理设备目录,供中学和高中使用。该产品阵容逐渐扩大,包括实验室的许多化学仪器。四年后,一本关于克鲁克斯实验的特别小册子引用了以下内容:“毫无疑问,高真空领域的新的、常常令人兴奋的发展将会激发进一步的实验”。为了演示这种实验,目录中包含了托普勒泵,这是一种早期的容积式真空泵,通过交替升高和降低汞柱来手动操作。

1906 年 - 至今有影响力的创新技术

真空技术的胜利进程始于 1906 年与卡尔斯鲁厄物理学教授 Wolfgang Gaede 博士的合作。Leybold 与 Gaede 的合作也相应地取得了成果。它产生了今天仍然适用的重要创新:分子泵的发明、涡轮分子泵的基本原理 (1911) 和扩散泵的使用 (1913)。扩散泵没有活动部件。

1913 年 - 真空冶金的开始

Wilhelm Rohn 博士,哈瑙 W.C. Heraeus GmbH 的物理测试实验室的负责人,开发了一种在真空下熔化高纯度金属的工艺。这使得钢和有色金属的质量得到了显著改善。

1931 年 - Wilheim C. Heraeus 成功地将金属汽化到玻璃上

这是真空镀膜技术的另一个里程碑。同年,E. Leybold’s Nachfolger 的 Manfred Dunkel 博士接任总经理一职,并成功领导公司直至 1967 年。这一时代具有重大意义,因为在此期间,真空技术越来越多地应用于工业应用中。因此,除了技术和科学知识外,还需要大量的管理技能,以便将发现结果转移到工艺工程应用中。

1934 年 - 12 月 13 日,Gaede 荣获了 Siemens Ring 大奖

Siemens Ring 基金会由德国工业和科学代表于 1916 年创立,旨在纪念 Werner von Siemens 诞辰 100 周年。根据其章程的第 §1 条,该基金会追求的目标是表彰那些“在科学技术方面做出杰出贡献并获得普遍认可的个人。因此,[Siemens Ring] 应授予通过其成就刺激科学发展的技术人员,以及通过其研究开拓新技术领域的科学工作者。”

1957 年 - 这 10 年公司发展的特点是我们的产品组合得到不断扩展和延伸

莱宝非常重要的新设计以“罗茨泵”(如今称为“罗茨风机”)为中心,“可满足大型工业的要求”。目录内容如下:“现代真空工艺工程要求其工艺的很大一部分在高真空范围内具有高流速。例如,在高真空工艺中,在低于 1 torr 的压力下会产生大量的气体和水蒸气。因此,真空技术面临的任务是经济/高效地泵抽这些大量的气体。”在真空浸渍、化学加工、制药、食品冷冻干燥、高真空和超高真空镀膜设备、金属除气等领域做出了巨大努力。与此同时,我们继续大规模开发标准真空组件,例如用于不同真空压力管路的泵、阀和仪表、检漏仪以及其科技教学工具系列的稳步扩展。

1967 年 - E. Leybold’s Nachfolger 与 Heraeus Hochvakuum GmbH 的合并得到了确认

新公司被命名为 Leybold-Heraeus GmbH,其股份在 Degussa、Metallgesellschaft 和 W.C. Heraeus 之间平均分配

1975 年 - 莱宝推出了磁悬浮涡轮分子泵

20 世纪 70 年代中期,高真空技术的新时代正式开始,被称为“磁悬浮涡轮分子泵的时代”。莱宝是世界上第一家将这种泵商业化的真空公司。在 20 世纪 80 年代和 90 年代,磁悬浮涡轮分子泵成为半导体行业中非常重要的高真空泵,因为它是一款无烃高真空泵。电磁铁用于快速旋转的内部零件的“轴承”中。

1983 年 - 带集成油泵的 TRIVAC B 油封旋转叶片真空泵首次亮相,并取得了巨大成功

事实上,这种泵在当今的许多真空应用中仍在广泛使用。对于允许真空罐中存在油分子的客户,旋转叶片真空泵是可以同时提供粗真空和高真空的非常强大且可靠的泵。

1989 年 - 莱宝推出了第一款具有智能驱动管理功能的涡轮分子泵

莱宝推出了第一款具有智能驱动管理功能的涡轮分子泵。

1996 年 - 莱宝在中国天津成立一家子公司 ,这是莱宝在中国的第一个网点。

莱宝在中国成立全资子公司的目的是想从 1998 年开始利用这个新兴经济地区的巨大潜力和接近客户的地理优势。

2001 年 - 莱宝推出了 SCREWLINE 干式压缩真空泵

莱宝推出了 SCREWLINE 干式压缩真空泵。

2004 年 - 莱宝在科隆开设了新的生产设施

莱宝在科隆开设了新的高真空技术生产设施,这使莱宝能够满足研发工作中增加的要求。

2006 年 - 开始在德国德累斯顿生产低温泵

在经济增长的支持下,UNAXIS 集团更名为 Oerlikon。莱宝以 Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum 之名经营。

2007 - 推出了用于实现可靠应用的 SCREWLINE 干式螺杆泵

在当今要求苛刻的研究和工业应用中,SCREWLINE 等干式压缩螺杆泵是首选的前级泵。与油封泵相比,它们更强大、更可靠,其设计允许在需要可靠、紧凑和低维护真空解决方案的场合使用。一个主要的优势是它们为各种应用领域增加了高度的灵活性。此外,客户还可以在生产中断期间在现场进行清洁。各种连接还允许轻松集成到不同的系统中。

2009 年 - 罗茨泵产品系列的扩展

莱宝推出 RUVAC WH 罗茨真空泵,为各种应用领域增加了高度的灵活性。此外,客户还可以在生产中断期间在现场进行清洁。各种连接还允许轻松集成到不同的系统中。

2010 年 - 莱宝的新型干式压缩真空泵 DRYVAC 隆重亮相

这款泵也是基于干式螺杆技术,并将紧凑的设计与各种功能结合在一起,包括安静运行、低废热和低冷却水消耗。集成变频器可减少安装工作量。

2011 年 - 莱宝推出了 MAGiNTEGRA,这是一款灵活的高真空泵,用于太阳能和镀膜市场

莱宝的 TURBOVAC MAGiNTEGRA 磁悬浮涡轮分子泵不需要独立变频器通常所需的空间,并提供紧凑而灵活的设计、出色的真空性能和标准化的附件系列。它可在大多数工业流程中提供免维护运行,例如显示屏、太阳能、镀膜和研发应用。

2014 年 - 德国科隆新物流中心落成。这一年,随着 TURBOVAC i 的推出,真空技术取得了巨大的飞跃

现代分析仪器需要高度开发的组件。特别是在质谱仪中,这些组件需要彼此精确匹配。得益于新型涡轮分子泵,分析吞吐量显著提高。莱宝面临这些性能挑战,并设计了创新的涡轮分子泵系列。TURBOVAC i 泵:为分析仪器市场定制设计。

2015 年 - 莱宝将服务活动转移到德累斯顿,成为欧盟服务能力中心

莱宝将服务活动转移到德累斯顿,成为欧盟服务能力中心。

2016 年 - 莱宝被阿特拉斯·科普柯收购

瑞典公司阿特拉斯·科普柯股份公司收购了莱宝的全部股份。阿特拉斯·科普柯是一个多品牌集团,客户遍及 180 多个国家/地区,员工约 40,000 人。莱宝现在是阿特拉斯·科普柯真空技术业务领域的一部分。阿特拉斯·科普柯依赖莱宝的传统品牌实力,补充了这家瑞典公司的创新技术专长和市场形象。

2017 年 - PHOENIX 4

15 年后,莱宝推出了 PHOENIX 4,这是一个新的氦检漏仪系列,可满足不断提高的质量要求。这款创新产品同样适合工业应用领域的研发需求 - 从确保 CERN 颗粒加速器的超高真空需求到工业应用(如超级高铁真空运输系统中的泄漏检测)或半导体生产。

2017 年 - SCROLLVAC plus

研究和工业领域的用户越来越依赖可靠的干式真空解决方案,这也提供了使用灵活性。凭借现代化的风冷式 SCROLLVAC plus,莱宝提供简单、新颖且可靠的前级真空泵,可满足这些要求。

Dry Compressing Scroll vacuum pump

2018 年 - SOGEVAC Neo D

新一代 SOGEVAC 真空泵:三重吸力真空技术,可实现更清洁、更安静、更持久的运行性能。

2018 年 - VARODRY

新推出的 VARODRY 真空泵系列由莱宝在德国设计和生产,专门用于工业流程,为您省去许多烦恼。利用 VARODRY,真空可以轻松、高效、可靠且干燥。

2019 年 - NOVADRY

直到今天,油封旋片泵仍是食品加工行业中的标准配置。但是,使用此类泵会带来风险,因为泵油可能污染您的工作场所,甚至会污染您的食品。为了避免这些风险并确保产品的新鲜度,莱宝开发了“NOVADRY”。这款无油的真空泵真正革新了市场。

2020 年 - ECODRY plus

新一代 ECODRY plus 的面世标志着干式多级技术得到了进一步发展,它集众多优点于一身,包括尺寸更小、智能运行、停泵时间短和环保等。这些新型干式压缩泵特别适用于分析应用中的操作。

ECODRY 25/35 plus Dry compressing multi-stage vacuum pump

2020 年 - TURBOVAC i

抽速超过 900 l/s 的更大混合动力涡轮分子真空泵的开发体现了莱宝不断开拓的精神,也是一项了不起的成就。

Milestone - Founders Dr. Dunkel 1967
Milestones - Logo
Milestones - Product Trivac
Leybold Germany Dresden
PHOENIX Image
155160 RUVAC WH 7000
Milestone - Ernst Leybold
Leybold China Tianjin
Milestones
The Atlas Copco House
SOGEVAC NEO D 25
Milestones - Oerlikon Leybold Cologne
Milestones
History Vacuum Pictures
Milestones
VARODRY VD 65 - 200 dry screw vacuum pump
History Vacuum Pictures
Milestones - Leybold Cologne
Milestones
Milestones - Product
DRYVAC Energy Saver
History Vacuum Pictures
Hybrid turbomolecular vacuum pump

1850 – 1863: The beginning of Leybold

Businessman Ernst Leybold laid the foundation when he moved from Rothenburg ob der Tauber to Cologne in 1850 and founded his first company, which began as a sales and import business for medical glassware, ointment pots, thermometers and scales. In 1854, Leybold expanded his line of products to include physical, pharmaceutical and chemical equipment. In 1863, he finally took over the company under the name E. Leybold.

1870 – 1876: Sale to Emil Schmidt and Otto Ladendorff

In 1870, Ernst Leybold sold his business, which, however, continued to operate as E. Leybold’s Nachfolger.

In 1871, the product line included as many as 585 pieces of physics equipment, as well as “Physics Cabinets” (complete collections of equipment and instruments) which were offered for the first time. Our company’s history proudly records an order received from Quito University, Ecuador, worth 30,000 Thalers (approx. 250,000.- dollars by Today’s standards). This established us as a company of international reputation. In 1876, the first catalogue of physics equipment was published for use in secondary and high schools. This product line was gradually expanded to include chemical apparatuses for laboratories. A special brochure on Crookes’ experiments followed four years later, from which we quote the following, “There is no doubt that the new and often exciting developments in high vacuum will incite further experiments”. To demonstrate such experiments, the Toepler Pump, an early positive displacement vacuum pump which was manually operated by alternately raising and lowering a mercury column, was included in the catalogue.

1906: Innovations of undiminished importance

Our triumphal procession of vacuum technology began in 1906 through collaboration with Dr. Wolfgang Gaede, Professor of Physics in Karlsruhe. Leybold’s cooperation with Gaede was correspondingly fruitful. It produced important innovations that are still relevant today: the invention of the molecular air pump, the basic principle of the turbomolecular pump (1911) and the use of the diffusion pump (1913). Diffusion pumps have no moving parts.

1913: The beginning of vacuum metallurgy

Dr. Wilhelm Rohn, head of the Physical Test Laboratory at W.C. Heraeus GmbH in Hanau, developed a process for melting highpurity metals under vacuum. This enabled considerable quality improvements to steels and nonferrous metals.

1931: Wilheim C. Heraeus succeeded in vaporizing metals onto glass

This was another milestone in vacuum coating technology. In the same year, E. Leybold’s Nachfolger, Dr. Manfred Dunkel, took over as our managing director and successfully led the company until 1967. This era was significant, as vacuum technology was increasingly used in industrial applications during this time. Accordingly, in addition to technical and scientific knowledge, significant management skills were also required in order to transfer the findings to process engineering applications.

1934: On December 13, Gaede received the Siemens Ring

The Siemens Ring Foundation was established by industry and scientific representatives in Germany in 1916 to commemorate Werner von Siemens’ 100th birthday. In accordance with §1 of its statutes, the foundation pursued the goal of honoring individuals “who have rendered outstanding and generally recognized services to technology in conjunction with science. ... [ The Siemens Ring ] should therefore be awarded to representatives of technology who have stimulated science through their achievements as well as to representatives of science who have opened up new areas of technology through their research.”

1957 – 1967: These 10 years are characterized by the expansion and extension of our product portfolio.

Our most significant new designs center around “roots pumps” (today, referred to as “roots blowers”), “which meet the requirements of large-scale industry”. The catalogue reads: “Modern vacuum process engineering requires high flow rates in the fine vacuum range for a significant part of its processes. In fine vacuum processes, for example, large quantities of gas and water vapor are produced at pressures below 1 torr. Vacuum technology is therefore faced with the task of economically/efficiently pumping off these quantities of gas.” Major effort was dedicated to the fields of vacuum impregnation, chemical processing, pharmaceuticals and the freeze-drying of foods as well as high and ultra-high vacuum coating plants, metal degassing, etc. At the same time, we continued on a large scale the development of standard vacuum components, such as pumps, valves and gauges for all vacuum pressure lines, leak detectors and the steady expansion of its line of scientific and technological teaching tools.

1967: The merger of E. Leybold’s Nachfolger with Heraeus Hochvakuum GmbH was confirmed.

The new company was named Leybold-Heraeus GmbH, and its shares were equally divided among Degussa, Metallgesellschaft and W.C. Heraeus

1975: Our magnetically-levitated turbomolecular pump was introduced.

In the mid-1970s, a new era of high vacuum technology officially began and was referred to as “the era of the magnetically-levitated turbomolecular pump”. We were the first vacuum company in the world to make such a pump commercially available. In the 1980s and 1990s, the magnetically-levitated turbo molecular pump became the most important high vacuum pump in the semiconductor industry, due to it being a hydrocarbon-free high vacuum pump. Electromagnets are used in the “bearing” of the rapidly-rotating inner parts.

1983: The TRIVAC B oil-sealed rotary vane vacuum pump with integrated oil pump made its debut, and achieved great success.

This type of pump is, in fact, still widely used in many vacuum applications today. For customers who are able to accept oil molecules in their vacuum tanks, the rotary vane vacuum pump makes for an extraordinarily powerful and reliable pump for both rough and fine vacuum.

1989: Our first turbomolecular pump with intelligent drive management was introduced.

Our first turbomolecular pump with intelligent drive management was introduced.

1996: Leybold establishes a subsidiary in Tianjin, China – Oerlikon. Our first Chinese location.

We founded a wholly-owned subsidiary in China in order to leverage the high potential of this emerging economic region and customer proximity from 1998 onwards.

2001: Our SCREWLINE dry compressing vacuum pump is introduced.

Our SCREWLINE dry compressing vacuum pump is introduced.

2004: Our opening of the new Cologne production facility

Our opening of the new Cologne production facility for high vacuum technology allowed Leybold to meet increased requirements in research and development work

2006: Cryo pump production begins in Dresden, Germany.

Supported by economic growth, the UNAXIS Group was renamed Oerlikon. We operated under the name Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum.

2007: SCREWLINE dry screw pump for robust applications is launched.

With today’s demanding research and industrial applications, dry compressing screw pumps like the SCREWLINE are the preferred backing pumps. Compared to oil-sealed pumps, they’re more powerful and reliable, and their design allows for their use wherever reliable, compact and low-maintenance vacuum solutions are required. A major advantage is that they add a high degree of flexibility to various fields of application. In addition, they can be cleaned onsite by the customer during production breaks. Various connections also allow for easy integration into all systems.

2009: Expansion of the roots pump product line.

We launched the RUVAC WH roots vacuum pump, which adds a high degree of flexibility to various fields of application. In addition, it can be cleaned onsite by the customer during production breaks. Various connections also allow for easy integration into all systems.

2010: Our new dry compressing vacuum pump, the DRYVAC, celebrates its debut.

This pump is also based on dry screw technology and combines a compact design with features, including quiet operation, low-waste heat and low-cooling water consumption. An integrated frequency converter reduces installation effort.

2011: We launched the MAGiNTEGRA, a flexible high vacuum pump, for the solar and coating markets.

Our TURBOVAC MAGiNTEGRA magnetically-levitated turbo molecular pumps don’t require the space that’s usually necessary for a separate frequency converter and provide a compact, flexible design, excellent vacuum performance and a standardized line of accessories. It offers maintenance-free operation in most industrial processes, such as display, solar, coating and R&D applications.

2014: Inauguration of our new logistics hub in Cologne, Germany. This year marked a great leap in vacuum technology with the launch of the TURBOVAC i.

Modern analytical instrumentation requires highly-developed components. In mass spectrometers particularly, these components need to be precisely matched to each other. Thanks to new turbomolecular pumps, analysis throughput is increased significantly. We have confronted these performance challenges and have designed their innovative line of turbomolecular pumps. TURBOVAC i pumps: tailor made for the analytical instrumentation market.

2015: We shift the service activities to Dresden, forming the EU center for service competencies.

We shift the service activities to Dresden, forming the EU center for service competencies.

2016: We are acquired by Atlas Copco.

The Swedish company, Atlas Copco AB, acquired 100 percent of Leybold. Atlas Copco is a multi-brand group with customers in more than 180 countries and approximately 40,000 employees. We are now part of Atlas Copco’s Vacuum Technique Business Area. Atlas Copco relies on our traditional brand strength and complements the innovative technological expertise and market presence of the Swedes.

2017: PHOENIX 4

After 15 years, we launched the PHOENIX 4, a new family of helium leak detectors which meet increasing quality requirements. This innovative product is equally suited to the demands of research and development as for industrial applications - from securing the ultra-high vacuum demands of CERN’s particle accelerator to industrial applications, such as leak detection in the Hyperloop vacuum transport system, or for the production of semiconductors.

2017: SCROLLVAC plus

Users in research and industry increasingly rely on dry and robust vacuum solutions, which also provide flexibility of use. With the modernized, air-cooled SCROLLVAC plus, we offer a simple, new and reliable fore vacuum pump which meets these requirements.

2018: SOGEVAC Neo D

The new generation of SOGEVAC vacuum pumps: triple-hitting vacuum technology for cleaner, quieter, longer-running performance.

2018: VARODRY

We designed and produced the new VARODRY vacuum pump series in Germany, specifically for industrial processes. Give yourself one less headache. With VARODRY, vacuum can be easy, efficient, reliable and dry.

2019: NOVADRY

Until today, oil-sealed rotary vane pumps were the norm in the food processing industry. However, using such pumps bears risks, as the pump oil can end up polluting your workspace or, even worse, your food. To avoid these risks and to ensure product freshness, we have developed the “NOVADRY”. This 100% oil-free vacuum pump revolutionizes the market.

2020: ECODRY plus

Dry, multi-stage technology receives further development with the new ECODRY plus generation which combines the advantages of a smaller size, smart operation, fast pump down times and environmental friendliness. These new dry compressing pumps are particularly well-suited for the operation in analytical applications.

2020: TURBOVAC i

The development of larger hybrid turbomolecular vacuum pumps, with pumping speeds above 900 l/s, is one of the achievements which highlights our ever-lasting pioneering spirit.